Seeking the perfect ground cover plants? There’s a vast array at your fingertips, varying from petite one-inch wonders to nearly foot-high foliage. While some elegantly sprawl on the earth, others rise, cascade, and then spread.
Considering a solution for soil erosion or simply tired of your monotonous lawn? Ground cover plants could be your answer. Landscape experts adore them for their ability to infuse vibrant, wavy color patterns. They beautifully encircle the base of yard shrubs and provide an aesthetic touch to the foot of your decorative fruit trees.
Let’s delve into the art of maximizing ground cover plants in your outdoor space. We’ll highlight some top choices across various categories, prepping you to sow and cultivate!
Why Choose Ground Cover Over Traditional Lawns?
Substituting grass with an assortment of ground cover plants can be a game-changer.
Maintaining a pristine lawn is no cakewalk. Even under optimal circumstances, the intrusion of weeds amidst the grass is inevitable. Unwanted guests like dandelions or persistent crabgrass can mar your lawn’s beauty. And there are other culprits too.
However, with ground cover plants, the tables are turned. While a stray weed may occasionally pop up, once the ground cover establishes itself, most weed invaders stand little chance. The intricate root network these resilient plants form acts as a natural barrier against unwanted growth.
Ground covers remain plush in diverse climates and typically thirst less than typical grass, demanding fewer watering sessions. They’re not as dependent on fertilizers and, if they start stretching too high, many can be neatly mown to the desired height.
What’s more, for significant portions of the year—spanning spring, summer, and sometimes autumn—your outdoor space can be sprinkled with a tapestry of blooming colors.
Grasses might be traditional, but ground cover plants are nature’s magnet for pollinators. They attract butterflies and bees, sipping nectar and playing a crucial role if you have a vegetable patch nearby.
Diversity is another feather in the cap of ground covers. From tiny succulents to statuesque foliage and a variety of leaf structures—rounded, fern-esque, or spiky—there’s something for every aesthetic.
Oh, and the fragrance? If you’ve ever dreamt of your yard exuding the aroma of fresh herbs, certain ground cover plants won’t disappoint. Imagine needing rosemary for dinner and having a yard filled with it!
For those with playful children or pets, why not craft a hybrid yard? Retain a patch of grass for play and transform the remainder into a mesmerizing tableau of floral beauty.
Diverse Applications of Ground Covers
Consider integrating blue star creeper to seamlessly interlace around garden path stepping stones.
Dreaming of a yard that mimics undulating waves of vibrant hues? Ground cover plants can be your palette. Begin with a neatly trimmed patch of lawn. Carve out a sinuous bed within it, enrich the soil, and sow your chosen ground cover plants.
Given that ground cover plants span a range from a mere inch to about 10 inches in height, designing multi-layered beds is feasible. Incorporate adjustable garden borders to keep the roots contained and avoid unwanted spread. This strategy can fashion a picturesque terraced garden while minimizing maintenance woes.
Introduce ground cover plants within flower beds as a natural weed deterrent. They excel when placed near mature perennials or bushes. However, be cautious not to pair them with plants that demand ample space, as these cover plants tend to sprawl.
For those voids between elevated garden beds where grass seems unnecessary, opt for ground covers. They prove to be less labor-intensive, keeping pesky weeds and unwanted grass at bay.
Ground covers, especially when in bloom, can gloriously complement stepping stones or walkways, offering a vibrant, floral embrace that elevates your garden’s charm.
Choosing the Ideal Ground Cover
for Your Space Consider varieties like wooly thyme, which remains visually appealing even outside its blooming phase.
Picking the right ground cover necessitates some groundwork.
Begin with understanding your soil. Is it clayey, sandy, or loamy? Does it promote airflow or is it more on the compact side?
Plants have soil preferences. While a few are adaptable to inferior soil qualities, most thrive in nutrient-rich, well-draining conditions. For instance, clay, known for its propensity to harden, might require soil enhancements to support specific plant varieties.
Your garden’s sunlight exposure is crucial. Shade-filled spaces won’t support sun-loving species, just as arid environments aren’t suitable for moisture-loving or alpine species.
Keep the desired height in mind. For those aiming for a lawn-esque look, plants that remain relatively short would be apt. For layered designs, a mix of varying heights is essential.
Growth rate matters. When combining different ground covers, a species that grows too rapidly might overshadow and hinder the growth of its neighbors.
Lastly, consider the plant’s climatic suitability. A species that flourishes in warm weather might falter under frosty conditions. Ensure you’re aware of the temperature range your chosen plant thrives in, aligning it with your locale’s typical highs and lows.
Optimal Ground Cover Plants For Shaded Areas
Numerous plants naturally flourish away from intense sunlight. While a few can handle sporadic sun rays, most thrive best in shadowed areas. These plants are excellent choices for those tricky spots underneath trees or surrounding foliage, as well as places near structures that get minimal sun exposure.
Feathered Brass Buttons Brass Buttons flora.
A vigorous spreader, Leptinella gruveri enjoys its spot in the shade, though it doesn’t mind the morning sun’s gentle touch. Its foliage resembles delicate ferns, and during spring, it sports tiny greenish-gold blooms. It thrives in zones 7-10.
Miniature Impatiens A delightful palette of pink and white.
Impatiens walleriana is a favorite choice for vibrant ground coverage. Standing around 7-10″ tall, its stature makes it an excellent plant for coverage. It’s particularly lovely for edging or in layered garden designs. It thrives in zones 10-11, but certain variants can adapt to as chilly as zone 3.
Angel’s Teardrops A picturesque view sans the blossoms.
Known by various names such as angel’s tears, Soleirolia soleirolii or the quirky “mind-your-own-business”, this nettle cousin craves the shade and is fond of moisture. It unfurls a carpet of minute white flowers atop its vibrant green leaves. This plant feels at home in zones 9-11, though it might retreat slightly in the colder season of zone 9.
Starlight Bloom A splendid ground-covering choice!
Chrysogonum virginianum, colloquially known as green-and-gold, is a sought-after ground cover. It displays its best blooms in milder climates, making it a splendid shade inhabitant. Although it appreciates some sun, it thrives in moist, well-draining soil. Suitable for zones 5-9.
Galium odoratum emits a pleasant aroma and has a penchant for shadowy spots. It desires nutrient-rich, well-draining soil that retains moisture. While easy to manage, woodruff tends to spread quickly and might become too dominant if not monitored. In certain locales, it’s a natural choice for shady grounds. Zones 4-8 are ideal.
Prime Ground Cover Plants For Dappled Light
In search of plants that strike a balance between shade and sun? The plants listed below are tailored for such conditions. Steer clear of intense desert sunlight for these, as they’re prone to sun damage. However, in spots that oscillate between shade and sunlight, they flourish!
Meadow Phlox Compact phlox with sizable blossoms.
Imagine dainty phlox plants that seldom grow beyond 6 inches? That’s the meadow phlox for you! With blooms in hues of pink, white, purple, and blue, they form a thick, verdant layer. They’re not built for foot traffic but serve as aesthetic lawn alternatives. They prosper in zones 3-9.
Blooming Dianthus Diminutive dianthus varieties boast
From Sweet William to pinks, dianthus variants have been garden favorites for ages. However, the smaller breeds, like Dianthus gratianopolitanus, are becoming the go-to ground cover options. Requiring lesser water than their counterparts, they gradually expand to fill spaces. Zones 3-9 are best suited for them.
Take a stroll on the Corsican mint and revel in the gentle waft of minty fragrance!
Everyone is smitten by mints, aren’t they? Mentha requienii showcases dainty lavender blooms above its petite round leaves. Its refreshing scent makes it an ideal companion for pathways and stepping stones. Resilient under foot traffic, this plant remains hugging the earth. Thrives in zones 6-10.
Enchanting Mazus Iris-resembling blossoms are the hallmark of Mazus reptans.
Blooming from early to mid-summer, Mazus reptans is a delightful pick. Showing resilience in drier conditions, it can flourish under the sun but gives its best floral display in semi-shade. Displaying a spectrum of blues and purples, it expands quickly. Best for zones 4-10.
Azure Star Spread The Azure star spread is an adaptable ground-hugger.
Isotoma fluviatilis goes by several monikers, be it the luminous star or soft blue. It’s tailor-made for spots with dappled sunlight. In temperate climes, it’s fine with full sun. My bias leans towards its blue variant, but it’s versatile, showcasing blue, white, or a mix of blooms. Zones 6-9 are its comfort areas.
Prime Ground Covers For Sun-Kissed Spots
If you’re contemplating lawn replacements or have expansive sunny patches, you’d need plants that can bask in the sun. While these plants are sun stalwarts, they might thirst a bit more during warmer months. Stay vigilant!
Herbal Carpet: Thyme Visualize a sea of thyme, dotted with crabapple delights.
Why not sprinkle your garden with edible ground covers? Creeping thyme is not just a decorative addition; it’s robust against wear and tear. As you tread on it, it releases a delightful thyme aroma. Sporting petite purple-pink blossoms and tender leaves, it’s a must-have for zones 5-9.
Silver Fleece Lamb’s ear leaves offer a shimmering silver carpet option.
With a silvery allure and robust texture, lamb’s ear unfurls as a serene grey base for its spring-hued violet blooms. Standing slightly taller than typical ground covers, it often reaches 6-8″ in height. Zones 4-9 are its favorite playgrounds.
Velvet Speedwell Experience a colorful embrace with velvet speedwell.
With Veronica filiformis, expect a carpet dotted with tiny purple springtime gems. This low-rider averages 1-2″ in height and is an epitome of beauty. Zones 6-9 make for its ideal home.
Fuzzy Thyme Wooly thyme’s leaves wear a cooling silver coat.
Who could resist fuzzy grey-green foliage coupled with minuscule pink blossoms? This thyme variant is recognized by the tiny hairs on its leaves, casting a silvery sheen. Though it isn’t a culinary favorite, it retains the signature thyme fragrance when stepped upon. The protective hair layer shields it from sun scalds, even in torrid temperatures. Zones 6-10 are its paradise.
Golden Juniper Spread The ‘Mother Lode’ of creeping juniper sports a gold-tinted cloak.
Juniperus horizontalis is a trusted ally against erosion, often seen adorning Californian coastal hills. Be it the rich green or the golden flare of the ‘Mother Lode’, it lays down a lush 6″ thick carpet. Zones 4-9 are its best hangouts.
Drought-Resilient Ground Huggers
Dwelling in a parched environment with xeriscape as a standard? Fear not, as there are ground covers that thrive with minimal moisture. These unique beauties can transform any space.
Jeweled Sedum Sedum album, with its succulent personality, displays white floral crowns.
This resilient beauty shows off its floral majesty during the summer, crowned with white spears. As autumn graces the landscape, its leaves adopt a rosy hue. Sedum feels most at home in zones 4-9.
Sunny Chamomile Roman chamomile brightens up spaces with daisy-like blossoms.
Chamaemelum nobile is a sun-lover that thrives in arid conditions. To maintain its pristine appearance, a quick trim post-flowering is advised. Its cheerful blooms are reminiscent of sunny days. Zones 4-9 are its sweet spots.
Dessert Bloom Ice plant’s succulent leaves are adorned with vibrant pink petals.
Challenging soils are no match for Delosperma. This succulent ground hugger flaunts daisy-like blooms and is a frequent guest along the Californian shores. Just ensure good drainage for optimal growth. Zones 5-9 are ideal.
Low Sage Waves Creeping sage graces gardens with its moderate height.
Salvia sonomensis, standing at around 10″, is the quintessential water-wise plant. With blue-violet floral spikes peaking during May-June, it’s great for terraced gardens. Zones 8-10 are this sage’s domain.
Aromatic Oregano Blanket The ‘hirtum’ variant of Greek oregano remains close to the earth.
Dreaming of a multifunctional ground cover? Origanum vulgare subsp. hirtum is your answer. Beyond its ornamental appeal, it’s a culinary delight. Its fragrance intensifies when tread upon, making every step a sensory delight. Perfect for zones 5-9.